Water pollution is basically contamination of the earth’s water bodies, mainly as an outcome of human deeds. These water bodies include ponds, lakes, oceans, rivers, groundwater, and aquifers. Water becomes polluted when several types of contaminants are discharged into water bodies. Such contaminants include both liquid and solid wastes. This article aims to share some interesting facts with readers.
Some of the facts that we are about to share are known and some are unknown. The main purpose of sharing these facts is to find an interesting way of letting people know how much water pollution we cause and how harmful it is for us.
Facts every human being needs to know about water pollution
- The first fact in the list of our water pollution facts is that nearly 70 percent of our planet is made of water and its total volume amounts to 1.4 billion kilometers.
- Though the world has 70 percent water, only 2.5 percent of the earth’s water is fresh water.
- More than 320 million people living in China lack access to potable water.
- Every year, we dump at least fourteen billion pounds of waste materials (mainly plastic) into the ocean.
- Among the most polluted rivers in the world, the Ganges in India is one. It contains trash, animal remains food and sewage. Canada’s Eastmain River, Petitcodiac River, and Okanagan River are also among the most polluted rivers.
- As many as 15 million children below the age of five perish every year due to ailments as a result of drinking unclean water.
- At least 40 percent of the American rivers and 46 percent of the American lakes are already polluted. The government has declared them unhealthy for aquatic life, fishing and swimming.
- The major cause of several diseases like typhoid and cholera is water pollution.
- After the 2011 Tsunami, the Government of Japan dumped 2 million gallons of harmful radioactive water into the deepest ocean, the Pacific Ocean.
- Plastic water, the major pollutant of water, is making it impossible for marine animals to survive.
- On an average, as many as 250 million people suffer from diseases caused by water pollution worldwide.
- 700 million people drink polluted water in several parts of the world.
Reading the abovementioned water pollution facts might have given you some idea about the extent to which we pollute water and the devastating effects of our activities. Hope this serves as an eye opener for you in the future. Next time you see anyone throwing away garbage into any water body, keep in mind that as an inhabitant of this earth it is your right and duty to prevent such a crime.
Lastly, we may conclude by saying that water is nature’s greatest gift to mankind. We have exploited water for centuries. But, now the situation is extremely critical. Misuse of water needs to stop. It is high time that we take action to conserve this valuable resource for our own survival as well as the survival of the future generations.