Pangolin is a mammal of the Pholidota order. It’s in disaster, with every one of its eight species vulnerable to extinction. The good news is this mammal is beginning to receive the notice and preservation action that it warrants. Thus, there’s a reason for optimism.
It’s the sole truly scaly mammal and has hundreds of scales that are made up of keratin.
Among the eight surviving Pangolin species
- Four reside in sub-Saharan Africa
- Four inhabit parts of Asia, right from Pakistan through to China & the Philippines.
Men have been consuming pangolins throughout history. The present pangolin populations in several parts worldwide are up against the threat of overexploitation by humans.
Pangolin meat remains a local resource of protein throughout Africa and Asia. It’s also a delicacy in regions of Asia.
- Their scales have been made use of for infinite applications.
- A case in point is as a component in customary Asian medicine for purportedly treating various ailments.
Numerous trades of its skin occurred from the 1970s through to the 1990s. Most of these were in the U.S.A and Mexico for manufacturing and retailing leather goods.
The exploitations of this species have happened despite several measures
Several measures have been designed for protecting this species.
- The “Sunda pangolin” that got defense under Indonesian regulations 1931.
- TheAsian species were named in CITES Appendix II in the year 1975. This permitted the international profitable trade in this species only in places where it wasn’t harmful to other wildlife.
- The year 2000 saw CITES take measures by initiatingnil export quotas for Asian populations traded commercially.
The Situation has got worse in the last decade
The last decade has seen the growth of intercontinental trading of scales of the African pangolin to Asian markets. According to estimations, there has been poaching and worldwide trafficking of over a million from their natural habitat since 2000.
The international trafficking of the African pangolin became known in 2008 and it has grown into an industrial scale.
In the year 2016 CITES named all of the eight species in Appendix I. This granted pangolins the strictest sort of defense and banned all worldwide commercial trade.
However, 2017 witnessed several major deliveries of scales of the African pangolins seized in Hong Kong, China, and Malaysia. This deal was of approximately 100,000 African species.
There is a reason for optimism
Recently this species’ profile has increased immensely with growth in the apprehension for the destiny of the species. The species is becoming increasingly iconic. This has increased the attention from administrations, civil society organizations, NGOs, and conservation scientists.
The foremost global conservation tactic for the species was issued in 2014. Subsequently, several pangolin range states started demonstrating leadership by the development of national tactics for the endangered species.
Several organizations have also started working for conserving the species all over Africa and Asia. To that end they are supporting law implementation efforts, making research about the demand for pangolin products. They’re working for with native communities and native peoples groups, salvaging, rehabilitating and freeing confiscated animals.