It is essential to understand the interconnectedness between species for survival. The inability of certain organisms to adapt themselves to changed environmental conditions limits their ability to perform reproduction. As a result, each generation becomes smaller than the previous one, gradually leading to the extinction of the species. It is our responsibility to save animals from becoming extinct.
Some other reasons for the extinction of certain species are acid rain, habitat fragmentation, global warming, changes in the level of seawater, diseases, asteroids, hunting, illegal poaching, human overpopulation, destruction of their natural home and pollution of air, water and air. So, both human activities and natural causes are responsible for the extinction of animals.
These are the top ten animals that are the most vulnerable at present. Conservationists have marked these species to be the most endangered creatures on earth.
1. Southern rockhopper penguin
The southern rockhopper penguins are at high risks due to rise in temperature of water. Their natural habitats form the coastal regions of South America as well as the Pacific and the Indian Oceans’ sub-Antarctic waters.
The dugongs live in the Pacific Ocean and the Indian Ocean’s shallow waters. Pollution of water due to massive industrialization is a threat to their survival.
3. Marine iguana
It is the world’s one and only oceangoing lizard. The natural habitat of this creature is the Galapagos Islands.
4. Bigeye tuna
In the tropical and subtropical waters of the Indian, Atlantic and Pacific Oceans, the bigeye tuna can be found. They form an essential part of the Earth’s aquatic ecosystem.
5. Giant tortoise
We need to save animals like the giant tortoise. The giant tortoise can be spotted only in the beautiful Galapagos Islands. These species are in danger due to their dieting restrictions and lack of favorable situations for breeding.
6. Greater one-horned rhino
In regions of Nepal and the northern parts of India, the greater one-horned rhinos reside. Their disappearance will be disadvantageous for several other species.
7. Great white shark
The largest predatory fish is the great white shark. It is found in the coasts of California, Japan, Chile, Oceania, South Africa and the Mediterranean. These creatures are hunted for fins and teeth.
8. Polar bear
Polar bears are found in the Arctic Ocean’s ice regions. Global warming is the biggest threat for the survival of these beautiful creatures. Seals also hunt polar bears.
9. Red panda
The home of red pandas is mainly the Eastern Himalayas. For protecting the endangered red pandas, the Himalayan forests need to be conserved. Deforestation in their nesting areas and hunting them for fun are heinous activities.
10. African Elephant
African elephant is the biggest land mammal. It is found in the grasslands and forests of East Africa and the Congo Basin. Because of poaching and human expansion, these elephants are at great risk.
There are several other species that are facing the danger of extinction. The IUCN (International Union for Conservation of Nature) aims to save animals from becoming extinct. As humans, it is our duty to be sensitive to other creatures that inhabit the Earth.