To what extent is India responsible for causing air pollution?
Air pollution is one of the most serious issues in India at present. The main sources of air pollution in India are biomass and fuelwood burning, vehicle emission, adulteration, and traffic. India also ranks third among the countries that emit the maximum amount of greenhouse gases, only next to the United States of America and China.
In winter and autumn seasons, a large quantity of smoke is generated due to massive burning of crop residue in agricultural fields in the rural areas. Farmers usually opt for this option as it is cheaper than mechanical tilling and end up increasing the quantity of smog and smoke in the air. In the year 2013, a study revealed that the lung function of non-smokers in India is 30% lower than Europeans.
The government has been taking initiatives to lessen air pollution in the country. In the year 1881, the Air (Prevention and Control of Pollution) Act that was passed, aimed to control air pollution. In 2015, the National Air Quality Index was launched by the Indian Government along with IIT Kharagpur.
Major causes of air pollution in India:
- Emission of greenhouse gases
- Fuel adulteration
- Biomass and fuel burning
- Emissions standards
How bad is the situation in India?
Delhi, the capital of India, is the abode of almost 19 million people. Its choking air is a major concern in the country. The polluted air of Delhi is even turning the white marbles of the Taj Mahal black. The city has been facing tremendous air quality concerns. The pollution level is so high that even schools are closed down, flights are canceled and protest rallies are organized. The city can aptly be described as a ‘gas chamber.’
Not just the big cities, rural areas in India are also suffering due to air pollution. This is because the majority of the polluted air that blankets the major cities come from the villages. In the year 2015, nearly 75 percent of demises in India were due to air pollution and 1.1 million of these deaths took place in the rural areas.
The sad reality is that two-thirds of the citizens of India do not reside in the cities. Moreover, 80% of India’s rural families depend on biomass like dung and wood for heating and cooking. Burning crop remnants is also practiced widely. This smoke reaches big cities like Mumbai and Chennai, places that are already troubled by traffic exhaust, construction dust, and factory emissions. So, at present, there are only a few places in India that still get to breathe comparatively fresher air.
More than 1 million premature deaths in India occur because of air pollution every year. Based on its research, the Delhi Heart and Lung Institute has stated that 50 % of the children residing in Delhi have several problems in their lungs. More than two million Indian children suffer from weak lung function all over the country.
The most common ailments that air pollution causes are asthma, cancer in the lungs, leukemia, Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease or COPD, Pneumonia, weak immune system and birth defects, poor lung function, Autism, premature deaths and cardiovascular diseases.
Marine Pollution: Major Causes and Threats
Marine pollution means the introduction of harmful substances into the marine environment. Consistent pollution of water bodies has increased the number of pollutants to such an extent that water bodies are facing irreparable damage at present. Research studies have revealed that more than 80% of the world marine pollution has its source on land, in the form of different pollutants, as an outcome of several human activities. Plastic contamination is the biggest threat to the marine eco-system, the list of marine environment pollutants remain long with pesticides, sewage, industrial chemical, and other waste.
Major Causes of Pollution in the Marine Ecosystem:
Here we have enlisted the biggest reasons behind the marine population that has been responsible for the death and extinction of thousands of aquatic animals and plants:
Ocean Dumping: Waste materials from sewage plants, ship and industry are dump into the water bodies on a regular basis, polluting the marine environment to a great extend. As per the report, Mining companies along from all over the world dump as much as 20 million tonnes of waste of garbage directly into the ocean every year. What we often tend to forget is that our lives depend on the marine environment extensively and the negative impact of dumping waste in the ocean does not just affect marine life but also poses a health threat to the human being.
Dredging: As industrial activities are always expanding in the world, dredging is an activity that increases marine transportation. So it has been disturbing the marine eco-system for several years. As dredging involves the removal of deposits that are submerged under the water, this activity changes the composition of soil on the ocean floor, resulting in the destruction of habitat for organisms and creatures.
Waste Pollution caused by Ship: Thousands of ships are used to carry on the tray all over the world. Apart from pollutant like gas and oil, the garbage and waste generated on ships poses a potential threat to the aquatic eco-system. Both liquid and solid waste like food waste, packing material, cleaning material, greywater, rags, ballast water, etc. Pollute the water and badly affects the lives of marine animals.
Land Runoff: Another major source of marine pollution is the garbage arising from the nonpoint source, happening as an outcome of runoff. Surface runoff from agricultural land carries soil with particles containing nitrogen carbon, phosphorus, and other minerals, Killing marine plants and animals at alarming rates. The ocean water full off toxic chemicals results in dangerous algal blooms. Water pollution of this kind threatens the turtles, shrimp, fish, etc, and also human beings via the food chain.
Rising Level of Sea Water: Seawater levels are increasing alarmingly because of global warming disturbing the marine environment. As per the report, the yearly rate of rising in the level of the seawater in the last two decades has been as much as 0.13 inches per year. This is why we need to educate us regarding the causes as well as the effects of the rising of the seawater level for the sake of bio-diversity.
Noise Pollution Causes by Ships: Science has proved that noise pollution caused by ships is dangerous for marine organisms. Harmful consequences of noise pollution on aquatic species include damage of internal organs, panic response to unknown sounds hemorrhages and altered diving pattern. As noise travels at a greater speed in water than inland, the intensity of sound pollution is much higher in the ocean environment and marine life id highly sensitive to these noises.
Ocean Acidification: The matter of ocean acidification is rapidly becoming a major concern for both human and marine lives. Ocean acidification means a continuous decrease in the pH level of seawater caused due to the absorption of CO2 (Carbon Dioxide) from the earth’s atmosphere. Ocean acidification greatly endangers our marine life. This also proves pernicious to human beings who rely on fish products and fish for their sustenance.
In the past few years, several steps have been taken to reduce the levels of marine pollution. However, when it comes to protecting and conserving our water bodies we still have a long way to go. We have to find more ways of cleaning our lakes and oceans and create awareness for the protection and preservation of the marine environment.
Sound Pollution Effects to Your Health and Lifestyle Quality
Sound pollution has become a global problem. The main issue is that a lot of individuals do not understand what it is, the causes, and how to fight it. They also don’t know that sound pollution is harmful to their overall health.
What is sound pollution, you ask? It can be termed as unwanted sound or the kind of noise that disrupts other activities such as conversations, sleep, or the general quality of life. Unlike water or air pollution, you can no really smell or taste sound pollution, but you can feel it getting into your nerves.
There is a range of sources of noise pollution, which include vehicles and transportation, social events, faulty machines, industrial activities, and noise from house devices, to mention a few. Research by the World Health Organization has shown that extreme sound levels exceeding 70 DB are harmful to living organisms, and this gets even worse in cases of prolonged exposure. In this article, we will look at some of the noise pollution effects on your health and lifestyle quality.
Poor quality of sleep
If you live near a busy road or noisy neighborhood, then you understand the struggle that comes with trying to fall asleep. It gets even more stressful when you have a toddler because their sleep gets distracted every minute, and you have to try and get them back to sleep. Irregular sleeping pattern is harmful to your health and productivity. You wake up feeling tired, and the fact that you have to go to work or school drains the remaining energy. You can no longer concentrate at work or even perform well at the gym. Lack of enough sleep is also harmful to your cardiovascular system.
Intensive sound waves result in harmful ripples in your ear canal. This interferes with the fluids that are responsible for enhancing communication between the ears and the brain. The interference ruins the delicate hair follicles in the ears that aid in sending signals to the brain once sound gets in the ears. Noise pollution is among the significant causes of hearing loss, especially when most of the hair follicles are damaged, and that’s why you realize that most people and especially children living in noisy areas depend on hearing devices. Studies have shown that high-intensity noises can damage the child’s reading power and memory.
Poses risks to cardiovascular health
You are probably wondering how noise can affect the heart. For starters, we already mentioned its effects on your sleep pattern, which has direct negative impacts on the cardiovascular system. Also, studies have shown that exposure to too much noise for about ten years increases the chances of suffering heart-related issues by 300%. This is because noise increases the heart pulse rates, which in return puts pressure on the blood vessels and puts you at risk of suffering high blood pressure or heart attack. Those that are exposed to high noises for more than eight hours in a day are at a higher risk of these issues.
Results in psychological disorders
You might think that you already got used to the noise and that you are living normally, but in some ways, the intense noise harms your psychological functions. The noise becomes a part of your life, and in the long run, you become easily irritable by small things, nervous, and you tend to make irrational decisions. You even become uneasy, mainly when you are in quiet places. Noise can put you under stress, make you unproductive and socially withdrawn. It affects your emotional stability, the way you relate to the surroundings, and if this persists, you may develop a suppressive personality and unlikable behaviors without realizing it.
Kids are more susceptible to this risk. Communicating in noisy environments is nearly impossible. This affects the children’s hearing ability and, in the end, affects their ability to speak. The problem can also affect adults, especially those working with noisy machines because they barely communicate in there.
Sound pollution affects our lives in many ways, and, unfortunately, people are already getting used to the noise. They don’t mind putting too loud music. They are okay with living near noisy roads and working with noisy equipment without earplugs. If you were to move to a quiet place, you will realize that the noise you that you thought you were used to having been denying you a lot of peace. You should not wait until this gets to your health. Implementing preventive measures such us using earplugs, turning off appliances at home, shutting the door when using noisy equipment, using noise absorbents when working with loud machinery, and reducing the volume when listening to music goes a long way. You should also move from noisy neighborhoods. Your health and peace of mind are more important than the attachment you got to that place.
Surging Climate Change: Is The Car You Recently Bought Hastening The Process?
The changing time gives rise to innovations and convenience. Nevertheless, not all of this is credible and altogether useful. The jumbo vehicles that human beings take pride in driving and find fiercer are among the core reasons for the surging climate change. A myriad of harmful substances discharged into the environment puts the life of flora and fauna at a severe threat of health hazards.
According to a survey in the year 2018, the growing demand for big vehicles was the second-largest supporter for the enhanced CO² emissions from the year 2010 to 2018. The doubled sale of these heavy vehicles has possibly doubled the perils of life hovering over the people on this planet.
Vehicles for sports utility and having off-road features are among those trends that cannot go unnoticed. Every automobile company is commencing its lines of heavy vehicles and at very acceptable and lucrative prices. The heavyweight vehicle output has boosted promptly in the last seven years.
The massive advertisement of its pros has captivated the minds of all the car buyers thus increasing the sale of crossovers and pressure on the environmental activists at the same time. Furthermore, the manufacturers are planning to increase this rate of production by 25% by the year 2025.
This gamble has always been on the side of the automobile enterprises as bigger cars can extract massive profits for them. Thus, these big bets on these big cars shall continue to take place until the severe conditions emerge.
The mass of destruction
The surging climate change has already put nature saviors under immense pressure. This has been increasing due to heavyweight vehicles. An average crossover now weighs around 77 kgs to 80 kgs heavier than it was back in the year 2009.
Imagine the load our earth manages every day! Massive. The science begins here, more weight of a vehicle means more energy it will consume to run on the roads. In the year 2010, 35 million crossovers were sold which is to say a lot of load in one year itself, far from the estimate of continuous sale thus far. According to the agency reports, two in every five automobiles is a heavyweight crossover.
Moreover, it emits more carbon dioxide into the environment, which is resulting in even more damage to living beings. Carbon dioxide emissions have risen by up to 45 percent in recent years. The increased weight might be the reason for improved safety measures in cars. However, they’re skyrocketing the risk of severe health diseases.
The issue is not just the climate
The surging climate change is showcasing its impact in most parts of the world, and thus, various organizations have become warned about the same. IMF has come to action by reserving funds and policies to alter the climate.
The planet is not only suffering from the adverse effects of the high fuel consumption of these cars, but the daily lives of people are also deteriorating. This is because these huge cars are immensely responsible for hourly traffic jams, frequently broken roads, and violation of rules and regulations.
Climate change due to bigger vehicles has become massive because such automobiles are deemed as rugged and rough and are meant mostly for off-roading purposes. Research conducted at Stanford University states that 32 percent of the hit and run cases involved crossovers or huge vehicles. The drivers risk the lives of people walking in the foot, as per the Paris agreement.
Consequently, various policies, such as energy subsidy reforms hunting for greener financial sectors, etc. have taken birth due to the efforts are done by the IMF to eradicate the harms done by these huge cars.
The status symbol
The additional essential purpose for the increased carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere is the word ‘status symbol.’ The world is competing not only at the corporate or financial level but also at an individual level. Everybody wants to put up their best card on the table.
As a result, people end up buying big cars that not only enhance their dignity but sadly also exposes them to risks to various lethal ailments.
Various other reasons for their purchase are:
- The Consumer Reports state that people feel vindicated when they travel in a vehicle that is high above the surface of the road.
- They are easy to travel in rugged regions, such as villages, adventure rides, and mountainous areas.
The problem of carbon footprint shall prevail in the world until the manufacturing companies take a significant step forward.
Less for more
According to a study, people are more attracted to the rates than counting on the pros of an item before buying it. So, the same goes when it comes to purchasing a new crossover vehicle.
The companies have comprehended their gains and, thus, are continually coming up with various lineups that are not just affordable but deliver the best customer services, such as compelling looks and additional (not, in reality) security.
They are merely jeopardizing the lives of the individuals buying their cars because of their increased earnings.
This scenario of surging climate change is the high time that we proclaim this information among the people to liberate our planet from future threats and dangers even when the wealth couldn’t save us. The automotive industry will only doom the planet if suitable measures aren’t exercised to safeguard the environment from these crossovers’ production and the harm they cause.
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