A fossil fuel is basically a fuel that is formed by some natural processes like anaerobic decomposition of dead and decomposer organisms. The age of these organisms and the fossil fuels that resulted from them age millions of years, sometimes even more than 650 million years. Read the complete article to know more about fossil fuels.
Georgius Agricola is the first person to state that fossilized remnants of dead plants resulted in the formation of fossil fuels. As they are actually the remnants of living things, The carbon content in fossil fuels is quite high. They also contain natural gas, petroleum, and coal. Other common derivatives of fossil fuels include propane and kerosene.
The greatest problem with fossil, fuel’s use is that raises major environmental concerns. The reason is that every year fossil fuels are known for producing 21.3 billion tonnes of carbon dioxide. Natural processes, at present, are capable of absorbing only 50 percent of the carbon dioxide produced annually. So, the result is global warming.
History of fossil fuels
People have been utilizing fossil fuels since 3,000 to 5,000 years. Coal’s earliest use dates back to the country, China, almost 3000 years from now. Chinese folks were of the opinion that coal was basically a magical stone and they used it for smelting copper. Oil’s use started in Egypt. Egyptians used oil for medicinal purposes like healing wounds. Native Americans used it of the same reason and also for waterproofing canoes. Natural gas was initially used in Iran for fire worship. Men have also used it for centuries for generating heat.
Why is the conservation of fossil fuels important?
Coal, oil, and gas are the fossil fuels. Although they have formed from processes that are natural, fossil fuels are among the non-renewable resources. Many people depend on these fuels as sources of energy. People use these for cooking, heating homes and creating electricity.
Usage of fossil foils at present
In modern times, we use fossil fuels for several purposes other than cooking and heating. Coal is necessary for the production of cement, steel, glass, and pottery. Apart from being an important lighting and heating source, we also use oil for producing gasoline that powers the engines of our motor vehicles. Homes in most parts of the U.S. depend on natural gas to cook, heat and light their apartments. So, fossil fuels are greatly important and we need to conserve coal, oil, and gas.
Alternatives to the fossil fuels
Here are the alternative forms of energy that we can use in place of fossil fuels:
- Wind power
- Hydroelectric power
- Solar power
We may conclude by saying that at present the world’s 85 percent population depend on fossil fuels. Even if we ignore the fact that burning of fossil fuels severely affects the environment, we cannot neglect the fact that it is a finite source and therefore, is bound to be depleted. So, we need to rely on the inexhaustible sources of energy. The best part about these sources is that they do not emit harmful gases.
Benefits of Solar Energy: Diverse Applications (Part 2)
With countless gadgets and technologies that can leverage solar power in the modern world, it is important to learn the benefits of solar energy and its diverse uses. My previous post about the diverse uses of solar energy offers an in-depth discussion of how this form of energy could be used at homes, holiday properties, and central power stations. Here are other applications of solar energy.
Solar water heating systems
In a home or business, hot water systems for kitchens, space heating, and bathrooms are nearly universal. What most people don’t know is that they can leverage solar power to get enough hot water in their homes and commercial buildings. Property owners can user thermal panels along with storage tanks to store the hot water. When needed, this water can circulate to a heater, shower or sink.
The modern ‘in floor’ heating systems and the traditional baseboard heating systems offer solar heat as the pre-heater to a traditional hot water tank or furnace. This will serve as the backup to your solar thermal system.
One of the common benefits of solar energy is the diverse industrial applications associated with it. For decades, solar energy has been the primary power supply of choice for many industrial applications, especially where power is needed in a remote area. In these applications, solar energy is cost-effective. This is because many individual uses need just a few kilowatts of electric power.
Solar energy is also used on transportation signalings such as lighthouses, offshore navigation buoys, road traffic warning signals, and aircraft warning lights. It is also used to power environmental or situation monitoring tools and even corrosion protection systems for well-heads, bridges, pipelines, and more. For huge electrical loads, it is cost-effective to configure the hybrid power system and link to a PV with a sizeable diesel generator.
The benefits of solar energy here include the reliability and minimal maintenance needed. That makes this form of energy ideal in regions that are hard to get to.
Lighting, water pumping, and heating in the developing world
In addition to off-grid properties, remote buildings such as clinics, schools, and community halls can benefit from solar power. It can power telephones, different pieces of refrigeration equipment, TV, and more. WHO (World Health Organization) requires every clinic to have these devices. Rather than having a base solar power generator for each dwelling, it is possible to configure a central power plant. The plant power homes through a local wired network. It can also serve as a battery charging station where the member of the entire community can charge their batteries here.
On a commercial building, atria can be effectively covered with PV modules. These modules are semi-transparent to offer shaded light. In factories, the large roof areas offer a perfect location for solar modules. Besides, the vertical walls of commercial buildings can offer opportunities for PV incorporation.
Whether it is charging a wireless speaker or powering a renewable, the list of uses and benefits of solar energy is endless.
Sources of Energy in Their Usage in Daily Life
Fossil fuels mainly consist of hydrogen and carbon bonds and are the important sources of energy since time immemorial. Man’s energy needs in every aspect are being served by fossil fuels only. These fuels are basically derived from the organic remains and decomposition of prehistoric animals and plants.
These organic remains are several million years old and are converted to carbon-containing fossil fuels by the extreme pressure and temperature of the Earth’s crust. These fuels produce a huge amount of heat and energy to meet man’s every need. Coal, petroleum and natural gas are considered to be the three most important fossil fuels. Let us discuss the four main types of fossil fuels known so far:
Petroleum, also known as crude oil or condensate is one of the most widely used fossil fuel. The word petroleum is derived from the Latin words petro and leum. Petro means rock and leum means oil. This fuel is highly valuable for mankind and almost every industry is dependent on this fuel. Hence it is also known as the “black gold”.
Petroleum is a liquid fuel that is made of hydrocarbons compounds inclusive of other liquid organic compounds. It is extensively used as fuel for automobiles, jets and to produce electricity. Its derivatives are also utilized in the plastic and medicine industries.
Petroleum products are derived from refined crude oil. Unprocessed crude oils that occur naturally are also referred to as petroleum products. Petroleum demand has been increasing year after year and which has immensely contributed to the water and air pollution worldwide. Because this is a stored reserve and due to high demand the oil field is depleting every year by around 2.5 per cent.
Coal is a flammable organic and one of the rich source of fossil fuel. It is usually brown or black in colour. About one-quarter of the total world’s energy and 40 per cent of the world’s electricity production is provided by coal. Several iron and steel industries in India and around the world are highly dependent upon coal.
Owing to its high use and demand coal reserves are also declining steeply and is on the verge of extinction within a few years from now. Hence we must find some alternative sources of energy that will serve the same purpose. Some of the alternative energy resources like solar energy, wind energy and hydro energy are being used widely, but the usage needs to be increased more.
Natural gas is a colourless gas and is a mixture of several hydrocarbon gases like methane, ethane, propane and butane. It is a combustible, convenient and efficient source of energy. Methane (CH4) is the main component of natural gas. It has two parts: conventional gas- which can easily be extracted and unconventional gas- which requires more advanced technologies for extraction.
Natural gas also helps in the generation of electricity and is widely used for industrial, commercial and residential purposes. Unlike any other fossil fuels, natural gas usually causes less pollution as this is comparatively cleaner. But like any other fossil fuel, this energy resource is also depleting rapidly.
Advantages of Solar Energy: Diverse Applications (Part 1)
There is a reason the advantages of solar energy have become a trending topic in discussions regarding renewables. Though it has been criticized for being less efficient and expensive, solar energy has proved to be beneficial. It is eco-friendly and financially affordable. Advancement in technology has made it easier to harness this form of energy.
Solar energy has an array of uses in both commercial and residential applications. Here are some of the most popular ways humans can use solar power.
Every household needs hot water and electric power. These basic needs are the top goals of solar thermal and solar PV systems. Over recent years, there has been an increase in the number of PV installations to buildings that connect to an electricity grid.
The demand for these systems has been stimulated partly by the government subsidy programs notably Germany and Japan. Also, the green pricing strategies of utilities or electric service providers have led to an increased demand for PV systems. The central driving force comes from the desire of companies or individuals to get their electric power from an eco-friendly, renewable source for which they pay low premiums.
In grid-connected systems, an effective PV system supplies electric power to the building, and all day-time excesses are exported to the power grid. These systems don’t require batteries as the grid can also offer additional power when necessary. But if you intend to be independent of the grid power supply, you need a battery to store power.
One of the most preferred energy solutions for holiday properties is Photovoltaic Systems. These systems have no access to the central electricity grid system. They are configured to meet power requirements less costly than extending the electricity grid to reach your holiday home.
Remote properties in sunny regions can get reliable electrical power for their radios, televisions, and lighting using a simple PV system. They also need a rechargeable battery to store all the power harnessed during the day, a charge controller, and wiring and switches. This system is often referred to as solar home systems (SHS).
The power storage capacity of the battery and the size of the PV module are designed to offer enough power and storage to meet the home’s energy requirements. This is commonly known as the ‘sizing’ system. Every system with battery storage must use the right battery design and specification for the system. That means a car battery shouldn’t be used!
Also, it is important to use high-quality fluorescent lamps as poor quality lumps will quickly blacken, dropping their light output. The charge regulator quality is also a critical factor in the overall reliability of the system. The PV modules can be mounted on the roof or a pole.
Central power stations
One of the advantages of solar energy is that central power stations can use it. In this case, applications use solar energy in a similar configuration to that a utility would utilize a power station. This is different from ‘distributed power’ applications or power distributed in low aggregate amounts.
To wrap up, the advantages of solar energy and its uses are unlimited.
Check the second part of this post here
Ecology2 years ago
How Do Humans Impact The Environment Positively?
Pollution1 year ago
Pollution in the Future: What would happen if Pollution Doesn’t Stop?
Climate2 weeks ago
Climate Change: What, Why, How?
Article4 weeks ago
Global Warming: The Coronavirus and the Reduction of Global Carbon Emissions
Climate2 months ago
Climate Change, The World Economic Forum, and Davos: Why Climate Change Matters
Pollution2 years ago
The Importance Of Study Of Air Pollution
Pollution3 weeks ago
Sound Pollution Effects to Your Health and Lifestyle Quality
Climate2 years ago
Environment and human health are intimately connected