According to Wired.co.uk, the phrase “climate change” is the “catch-all term for the shift in worldwide weather phenomena associated with an increase in global average temperatures.“
In other words, the world’s temperatures are rising. These increasing temperatures are considered one of the major causes of the recent severe weather events like the typhoons that hit Japan and the Philippines, the hurricanes that blew across the United States of America and Mexico, as well as the recent flooding in Venice, Italy.
The relevance of climate change history
At this juncture, the question that needs to be asked and answered is: “Why do we need to study past changes to our current global climate?”
The simple answer is that in order to predict future weather patterns, it is vital to look at the historical data models based on our changing climate. Additionally, and equally importantly, these patterns and models will enable us to attempt to make the drastic changes necessary to slow down the adverse effects from the changing weather patterns.
In fact, most of the recent severe weather events are as a result of global warming. Therefore, the biggest challenge facing the world today is indeed the increase in the world’s temperatures.
Historically, we have access to dependable and accurate temperature records from circa 1850. And these records show that the global surface temperature has increased by one percent Celsius. This might not sound like a substantial increase to the casual observer. However, the impact of a mere one percent increase has had and continues to have, devastating consequences on our environment.
As mentioned above, there has been an increase in natural disasters due to extreme weather incidents over the last couple of years. This fact is driven home when we consider some of the more devastating natural disasters that occurred in 2018:
- Storm Florence hits North and South Carolina, USA.
- Typhoon Mangkhut is one of the strongest typhoons to blow through the Philippines in its history on its way to China.
- Record fire blazes ravaged much of Western Canada and included a rare fire tornado.
- Super Typhoon Trami battered the Japanese island of Okinawa.
- Wildfires in California that have been the hottest and most devastating in recorded history.
Climate change: Looking to the future
The next question that needs to be asked and answered within the context of the history of climate change is how to use historical climate models to both predict the present and change the future?
We cannot do anything about the past or present severe weather events, but we can make the necessary changes to prevent future harsh weather patterns from reoccurring. Although, it must be noted that positive change does not occur overnight. It is a slow process. But this does not mean that we must not begin to change our lifestyles to the impact of climate change on our world.
Therefore, in conclusion, there is no doubt that we should do our level best to reduce our carbon footprint. Which, in turn, will have a positive impact on global warming. This, finally, will decrease the earth’s surface temperature, and reduce the number of severe weather events that we are currently experiencing.