Also known as the Global Goals, Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) are a universal call to action to protect the planet (ecology and environment), end poverty, and ensure that everyone enjoys peace and prosperity. SDGs is a set of 17 goals created based on the success of the Millennium Development Goals. It also includes new areas such as economic inequality, climate change, innovation, peace, sustainable consumption, justice, and other priorities. These objectives are interconnected, and the key to success on one objective will involve tackling other issues associated with another objective.
Traditionally, the development and environment sectors have always worked separately. However, in the era of SDGs and the Paris Agreement regarding climate change call for a different approach. In ratifying the so-called Paris Agreement, nations have pledged to minimize the increase in the average global temperature to lower than 2 degrees Celsius above the pre-industrial level.
On the other hand, the protection of the environment has been widely captured in the Sustainable Development Goals. Thus, countries can commit to creating sustainable urban communities, promote responsible consumption, and take climate action. All these measures can help fulfill the famous Cop21 Agreement.
Here are some of the ways environment and development sectors can successfully work together to meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
1. Environment and development should be viewed as a single sector
Sectoral thinking is partly the issue hindering human beings from meeting the SDGs. The critical question isn’t how these two sectors can work together, but how they can be increasingly intertwined to reflect the nature goals. An excellent illustration is transforming from marine governance to the ecosystem and environment governance that took place in some nations when environment and fisheries ministries were reformed.
2. Continuous monitoring of industrial development
Just like the traditional tool used in assessing environmental impact, there is an urgent need for a trustworthy oversight. A mine or factory may be created specially to minimize emissions and other forms of environmental harm. However, unless an expert is there to monitor the emissions regularly, standards might slip.
This special process of safeguarding and attaining the best development result is set out in different documents like the ADBSP – African Development Bank’s Safeguard Policy. It’s essential to ensure that such policies are implemented during construction and after construction. Unfortunately, when these superior projects are operational, development experts have no influence. This is where environmental Non-Governmental Organizations should come in.
3. Develop trust
For centuries, most people have believed that the environmental and development sectors compete, particularly with the notion that you must sacrifice the quality of the environment to achieve a higher level of development. Besides, there has been some level of skepticism from experts within these two sectors about the plans or approaches of others.
For instance, economists have often been locked out in the circles, and there has always been mistrust when it comes to different issues that are so critical to the environment and development. What if experts in these sectors could develop trust, work together, and appreciate Mother Nature by not working against each other? Would it not be easy for us to meet the Sustainable Development Goals?
3. Make SDGs a checklist
Nearly everyone knows that a holistic approach is needed to achieve these goals. So, industrial projects such as mining and dam construction could use the Sustainable Development Goals as a design checklist to make sure their mining or construction activities don’t cause adverse effects elsewhere. That means we will be using a unique One Planet Living framework which could also work for the Sustainable Development Goals.
4. Financial incentives
Currently, there are about 20 million artisanal and small-scale mining establishment globally. Though they are responsible for approximately 10th of gold production, they do significant damage to the environment. These mines also account for the biggest use of mercury that ends up poisoning the drinking water supplies and land.
Mining activity is hard to control because most miners are widespread and some of them operate illegally in remote areas. What if governments could offer financial incentives to these miners to minimize the impact of their activities on the environment? For instance, GEF council has already approved a unique programme that will formulate and deploy unique ways in which miners in 8 nations can access loans to switch from the use of mercury.
The bottom line is, the earth is our home. Ecology and environment are a crucial part of our home, and so is the development sector. Environmental experts and development professionals must find a way to work together. This is the only way we can meet the Sustainable Development Goals.
Environmental Education For Students Pledge For Better Tomorrow, This Earth Day 2020
The struggle for survival is not a new concept. It was there when the early man started to build tools for hunting with stones in Palaeolithic age and the struggle is still on when we are trying to save our existence due to the diminishing health of our natural environment. The research is flooded with some significant and disturbing facts. As per the United Nations (UN), the world population is projected to reach 9.8 billion in 2050. There will be an increase in demand, twice as many resources as the planet can supply. The people would require more understanding and creative problem-solving skills to meet the needs at multiple levels – ecological, cultural, spiritual, and economical. In this respect, environmental education is promoted as a gizmo to provide knowledge, skills, and motivation to the learners about the complex environmental challenges.
As Nelson Mandela said: “Education is the most powerful weapon you can use to change the world”.Marching with his words, environmental education or EE is being added as a major curriculum subject for the students of the middle and secondary level. In fact, the concepts of saving Earth and resources are introduced to little kids at the primary education level in the form of activities such as planting trees, saving water, sorting trash.
India’s take on the importance of environmental education
Introducing environmental education during the early academic years is a great step towards building a responsible future generation. EE equips the population with the knowledge, attitude, commitment, and skills to understand the current environmental challenges. It is proving to be a successful approach to attain sustainable development goals by encouraging students to conserve and protect the natural environment in their schools, neighbourhoods, city, and country at large.
In India, the implementation of environmental education in the formal school curriculum is guided by two national policy documents:
- The National Curriculum Framework 2005 and
- the directive of the Supreme Court.
A learned man once said facts do not cease to exist because they are ignored. This holds true for the present condition of our environment where glaciers are melting at rapid speed, marine life is endangered, water resources are getting scarce, the air is getting unconsumablefor humans and animals alike. EE aids understanding of how to reverse the process of environmental decline. There are more offerings as well.
- There is an enhancement in creative and critical thinking.
- Students acquire skills that can be applied to real-world problems.
- The learning prompts thinking to come up with actions that can boost the environment.
- It teaches interconnection between ecological, political, cultural, and economic aspects, concerning the natural environment.
- It induces a healthier lifestyle and makes the world a better place to live.
- It helps the community at large to fight nature deficit disorders.
- And above all, the education helps in strengthening our bond as a community
In India, environmental education is included in the curriculum with the following structure:
|Classes||Mode of Transaction|
|I and II||Through Activities|
|III to V||Environmental Studies (EVS)|
|VI to X||Infusion Model|
|XI to XII||Project-based Study|
This learning continues at some graduate and post-graduate professional courses too, such as BBA, BCA. Alongside, various diploma courses in environmental studies have been designed by environmental experts and are offered by prestigious universities.
Students’ role in attaining the wisdom towards the environment
The main focus of environmental education is to enable the students to analyze, evaluate, and draw inferences about problems and concerns related to the environment. And with their acumen, they should be ready to contribute to their current understanding of environmental issues and come up with positive solutions in response to those. At the moment, this is the only expectation.
The students are advised to learn about the environment, through the environment, and for the environment. The major part of our Indian culture supports the principle of reuse, reduce, and recycle. This is in harmony with our mother Earth. The youth is looked upon to carry forward this tradition for the sake of the environment and focus on the educational curriculum to have an in-depth understanding of what is wrong with our world.
There are few expectations from the students:
- Be more responsible when you come upfront to face environmental issues.
- Take part in the initiatives offered at schools, colleges, or country level.
- Have a role model for yourself and be a one for others.
- Empower themselves with skills to conserve the environment.
The role of mentors and associated governing bodies is crucial too.
- Easy implementation of concepts
The teachers must be adequately trained to lower the gap between theoretical learning and practical implementation.
- Enhanced teacher competencies
Provide a solid learning platform with the availability of staff that can provide an in-depth understanding of the different environmental education subjects and topics.
- Structure of the curriculum
Evaluate and sequence the academic curriculum with the required components of environmental studies. Make timely and relevant changes based on the modern developments and problems.
- Comprehensive evaluation
Adhere to variables that dictate the learning and knowledge curve of the students. Evaluate and provide them opportunities to overcome the deficiency in their implementation approach.
We as humans have the instinct to protect our home. But presently, we are the major culprits in destroying our common homeland – The Earth.
For Earth Day’s 50th anniversary on 22nd April 2020, take part in 2020. Global Teach-In, an Earth Day network initiative for connecting with more than 500 million students and community members worldwide. Be a part of the change and show that you care.
Environmental Education for Students
In a nutshell, environmental education is a process that is designed to create awareness and understanding of environmental problems that result in individual and group actions. When done correctly, environmental studies promote critical thinking, effective decision-making, and problem-solving skills. The education uses processes that involve learners measuring, observing, experimenting, classifying, and other data collection techniques. These processes help them in inferring, discussing, interpreting, and predicting information about environmental concerns.
This article will look at environmental education for students, as well as its importance. But before we do that, let’s have a look at some problems arising from the distraction of Mother Nature.
Effects of environmental degradation and destruction
The environment is currently facing lots of challenges. Issues like acid rain, global warming, urban sprawl, air pollution, water pollution, depletion of the ozone layer, waste disposal, climate change seem to worsen by the day. It would have been better if all these happened naturally (albeit, it is still a bad thing) – but that is not the case. These problems are a result of animal and human activities—the same humans who end up taking the hit.
Over the past few years, the exploitation of the earth and degradation of the surrounding has skyrocketed at an alarming speed. Since human actions are consistently not in favor of saving the planet, natural disasters have been cropping up each day, causing more havoc than we could even imagine. A good example is the Amazon Rain Forest fires that happened in 2019. These fires consumed thousands of hectares of forest land; a forest that plays a critical role in the production of oxygen; one that is home of hundreds of animals and plant species – burning down at a record rate.
And that is not the only case. In 2019, China experienced a deadly typhoon, Lekima, that claimed 72 lives. The tropical storm swept through numerous provinces leading to severe floods and incredible damage to bridges and roads. In the same year, Typhoon Hag ibis claimed not less than 86 people in Japan. Not to forget the heat wave in India that killed 90 people in the summer of 2019. And these are just a few examples – the list goes on and on.
What is disturbing is that human beings seem not concerned with all these. It is business as usual. Different organizations and groups have cropped up trying to effect change, but nothing substantial has come out of it. It seems as though this generation is hardwired to a certain way of life. But all hope is not lost. The good thing is that there is an upcoming generation that can make a difference. These are our kids at school – whether it is pre-school, grade school, senior school, or college. These are tomorrow’s leaders. And with the right environmental education for students, they can be the change that we want to see.
Teaching the students and the masses
Environmental education is perhaps the best weapon that we can use to minimize and eventually cut out human actions that contribute to environmental issues. Different individuals, groups, and environments across the globe are playing their part in educating the masses about environmental care. They are informing people on how their small actions can add up for a greater good.
Educators, too, are teaching their students about the environment in a bid to turn them into responsible adults. When students study environmental science, it becomes part of their lives. This makes it easy for them to respect nature. Additionally, ecological education teaches learners about how to protect and ensure the safety of things around them.
When done right, our children will grow up knowing that tropical forests play a significant role in preventing climate change and that burning them will increase global warming and other resulting consequences. Again, they will understand that reversing the burning of fossil fuel and loss of natural habitat are the only ways to reduce climate warming.
And while technology is trying to curb a range of issues – like replace fossil fuel and even reduce greenhouse gases, it is still less likely to attain what is required in the short time available. Besides, technology will not be effective if the destruction of savannah and tropical forests becomes widespread.
With students being motivated to bring about change, many are looking into ways to help save the environment. In fact, some are coming up with creative renewable energy solutions to reduce over-reliance on fossil fuels. Other green innovations include drinkable seawater, illuminating water, solar panels, plastic from banana peels, eco-bags, and so on. All these innovations come about when students are motivated enough to want to effect change.
A few things to note about environmental education
It is important to note that environmental education and environmental information are two very different things. The latter involves offering facts about specific environmental problems or concerns. This can be achieved through informational brochures, press releases, videos, bulletins, and other media channels. It is also directed towards the general public rather than a specific audience or group. In most cases, environmental information is just effective among those who are motivated and concerned about particular issues or topics.
Quality environmental education focuses on the educational process. It is science-based and not biased. Educators can be advocates, but when they take on teaching students, they should not be inclined toward a specific direction. By this, we mean, they should be neutral and not allow their personal beliefs to inform their teachings.
By 2030, the global population will need twice as many resources as Mother Nature can supply. This is according to The Economist. Meeting the cultural, economic, spiritual, and ecological needs of global citizenry calls for understanding and creative problem-solving abilities. Environmental education arms students with the motivation, skills, and knowledge to handle sophisticated environmental concerns in the 21st century.
Raising Earth-Friendly Children’s: Parenting Goals
Childhood is the best time to form good habits as the mind is fresh and impressionable. This is the reason why it is easier to teach new things to children as opposed to adults. So are you making use of the initial years of your children to instill good values and healthy habits in them that will make them responsible and sensible citizens? Read the complete article to find out the tricks of raising eco-friendly children’s.
Engaging and fun ways of raising eco-conscious children
Here are some great ways to teach kids to made eco-friendly choices and switch to sustainable living.
Start with educating the beautiful mind
Before incorporating healthy habits in your daily routine it is essential that you make your children understand why it is important?
Make them watch all the good stuff
You have to approach an individual in a way that works best for the person. Lecturing a young kid on environmental issues might not be a great help as the kid would not be able to relate. Children love watching the cartoon and you can make them watch educational videos involving cartoon characters that highlight the positive effects of preserving our environment. Feed those young minds with all kinds of good things in a way that makes learning fun for them.
Spend time outdoors
An ideal way to commence your kid’s eco-conscious journey is to make her/him develop deep love and respect for nature. Instead of keeping her/him busy with tuitions and gadgets take him outdoors here he can associate with other children and have fun. Engage in outdoor activities like camping, hiking, fishing, swimming, etc to help her/him adopt habits for conserving the environment.
Adults who throw garbage in public places or do not wash their hands before eating are the ones who have not been taught the earnestness of remaining clean as a child. If your child learns that littering is an ill-practice, he or she will never do it. Make them clean their own room after they play and wash their own dishes so that they do not expect others to perform those tasks for them.
Teach kids to conserve food and water
Throwing away food is an ill-practice and half of the adults do not realize it. The reason behind this is the lack of proper upbringing. Educate your child early on hunger issues and the scarcity of potable water prevalent worldwide. It is inhuman to waste excess water while showering, brushing teeth and cleaning clothes. Similarly, there should be certain dining rules at every home prohibiting the children from throwing away food.
Love for animals
Caring for the environment does not mean caring for plants only. Explain to your kids that plants, animals and natural resources are all part of the ecosystem. One way of raising eco-friendly children’s with a soft-corner for other living organisms is by bringing home a pet- be it a fish, a cat, or a dog. After that, involve them in activities that include taking care of the family pet like feeding the dog, taking it out for a walk, and playing with it. Spending time with a faithful and friendly dog from a young age will definitely make your child a better and kinder human being.
Gardening is a great hobby, one that has no negative side effects. Practice sustainable gardening with your little ones in your yard, balcony, or rooftop. Planting saplings and watching them grow to help us appreciate nature and count on our blessings. Using bio-degradable wastes as natural fertilizers for plants will not just facilitate the growth of veggies they plant but also let them enjoy the recycling of products.
Planting and protecting trees
With global warming being a potential threat at present, we need to plant millions of trees worldwide to cool down our planet. So, your child needs to know how important trees are for maintaining the ecological balance. So, plant trees together on special occasions such as birthdays and Earth Day.
These are just a few ways of raising eco-friendly children’s who care about their surroundings. Your goal should be to teach important life lessons through fun activities.
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