The fastest growing tree is the Neem tree. It is very common to people as this is a long living tree and serves a lot of medicinal purposes. The tree is a native of Burma (a place in India). From Burma, this tree has been circulated all over the world. The benefits and uses of the neem tree can never be eliminated from life. All the parts of the neem tree are beneficial and useful. Know about them in details here.
Azadirachta indica which is commonly known as nimtee (or neem) is a tree of Meliaceae family. The word neem has been derived from Nimba which is a Sanskrit word. In some place, this is considered to be weed including West Africa and the Middle East. The leaf is dried and is placed in enclosed places to protect clothes from being eaten up by insects.
Some uncommon uses of the tree:
- Hair comb: handmade combs are prepared from the bark of the tree which helps in reducing hair fall and scalp problem.
- Animal treatment: neem is used to treat mud fever in animals like horses.
- Neem gum is used to make foods for a special purpose.
The qualities of different parts
- Neem seeds: The fruit of the neem tree looks just like olive. The structure composes of the flesh which surrounds the seed that holds kernels (one or multiple). Neem oil is a common product which is made using the seed kernels. These contain about 50% oil. The Western world believes the seed oil to be safe as well as an effective insecticide.
Organic gardeners are very familiar with neem oil. This is very popular among them. It is known that how much harmful DEET is. The neem oil acts as a substitute for this dangerous product and is used as a natural insect repellent.
Neem not only helps in killing insects but acts as an important element/ ingredient of beauty products. Skin care and hair care products mainly consist of neem oil, like neem soap, shampoo, cream, and even lotion. A warning to all is that don’t try to take-in the seed directly. It might be toxic.
- Neem leaves: The most easily available and most versatile resource of the plant is the neem leaf. The leaves contain all the active ingredients in it similar to the other parts. The only difference is that the leaf has it in a lower concentration.
Leaves are always available as the tree is evergreen, unlike the seed which is available only once a year. The leaves help people to make different home remedies. These days new products are being launched which are rich in medicinal value. Neem toothpaste, neem lotion, and neem soap are the most common among them.
People even make a paste of neem leaves and use it as a face pack which helps in reducing pimples and other skin problems. This makes the skin shine and makes it bright. Thus, proves the medicinal value of neem.
Doctors even prescribe to chew these raw neem leaves, drink the bitter tea and take the capsule of the dried leaf. These help to improve the immune system, controlling gastrointestinal problems and support the liver. The point to be noted is that neem is a very powerful herb which may be harmful if not taken proper advice from a herbalist.
Some merits of neem:
- Neem is effective in eradicating fungal and bacterial infections.
- Antiviral activity reduces cold sores.
- It helps in reducing redness of the skin and controls inflammation.
- It keeps the body supple and moisturizers it.
- It helps in lightening pigmentation and scars. Like acne treatments.
- Neem Bark: Bark of trees are generally of hard and dry nature and so is the bark of neem tree. It is hard to extract the ingredients from the bark so it is not used as much as the neem seed and flower.
But the branches are used since ages for brushing the teeth. It makes teeth strong and helps to control gum problems. The bark contains a higher concentration of ingredients than other parts. The bark is equally or rather more effective.