Autumn is the best time for tree plantation. Planting trees make a personal and wide difference in the environment. It is the most affordable and powerful way to make a difference in the life of human beings as well. Kids find it interesting to plant twigs in the garden, and so planting of trees have been made an activity in schools and kinder gardens.
After passing school life we often remember some vital things that we have learned. One of them is – trees act as essentials in the life of living beings. Didn’t biology teach us this? The reason behind this was they help in keeping the air and atmosphere clean, which helps in better health of living beings.
People are always not aware of some points like the benefit of the trees for soil. The root of the trees helps in binding the soil and hold water underneath. Not only this, but trees also help in reducing ozone levels in city areas. So don’t you think a tree is a life? And life is possible only because of them? But the sad thing is that we humans are so greedy that the greed for making money provokes them to cut down these lives giving trees.
Most importantly, the trees absorb carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases from the air and keep it clean. This helps human to breathe in the fresh and cool air. A well developed canopy producers enough oxygen for two human beings to sustain.
But humans are so much engrossed in developing their own lives that they forget the harmful effects of cutting down trees. The trapped carbons in the trees get released into the atmosphere as carbon dioxide, which harms the air terribly. Still the forests are being cut down and destroyed. What can be more shameful than this?
Save trees if you want to save the Earth and want to survive. Trees act as the backbone of the ecosystem on which all the non-living and living organisms rely. The ecological balance is maintained by the emission of oxygen by the trees and the absorption of carbon dioxide from the atmosphere.
Some benefits of trees
- Trees help in saving energy
- Helps in the prevention of soil erosion
- Saves living beings from high temperatures
- Provide shelter, food, and medicine to human beings. Animals solely depend on trees for food. Cutting down of trees will lead to the death of several animals.
Some contribution of human beings towards saving the trees.
- Try to reuse and recycle the papers.
- Try reusing paper bags.
- Eliminate the use of plastic bags
- Plant trees around you
- Eradicate cutting down of trees.
Beware of the effects of cutting down trees.
Trees emit oxygen and are even responsible for the Occurrence of rain which helps in ecological balance. What would happen if we cut down trees? Would we be able to survive? It’s a big NO. We would eventually die. It’s high time for people to understand the importance of trees. Trees need to breathe just like any other human being on earth. We are always depending on trees for oxygen. We live and grow around them.
Secondly, trees create a cool and humid temperature which is required for rain. If it keeps on going the same way, then rainfall will be affected and earth would face drought all throughout the year. Trees give us shade without which the ground would dry up. If the sand gets loose then it may cause landslide leading to the death of a large number of people.
Plantation of trees and plants are very important. This helps in making the environment better. It helps in purifying the air around, conservation of water, helps to control the climatic condition and helps in overall development.
Some points to be kept in mind while plantation is:
- Dig the ground well before planting. This is a very vital step.
- Improve the soil so that the plant survives for a long time.
- Then plant the twig
- And water the plant regularly
Moreover, if you plant different types of flowering plants, it will grow into a stream of beautiful colures. This will help in keeping your mind fresh and happy. Such beauty doesn’t fade away easily. Keeping yourself happy is very much important.
Acid Rain: Reasons, Impacts, And Solutions
The Environmental Protection Agency defines acid rain as acid deposition that includes all types of precipitation containing acidic elements like nitric acid or sulfuric acid. Other than raindrops, the precipitation can also be in the form of hail, fog, gases, snow, or dust. Acid rain created with gases or dust is known as dry deposition.
Robert Angus Smith, a Scottish chemist coined the term in 1852. The Royal Society of Chemistry honored him as the ‘Father of Acid Rain.’ Smith, while examining the contents found in rainwater in industrial regions of Scotland and England, coined this term. He published a book about it in 1872, namely, “Air and Rain: The Beginnings of a Chemical Climatology.”
The reason behind formation of acid deposition:
When compounds such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide get mixed with air, a chemical reaction takes place. These substances rise high into the earth’s atmosphere, mix with oxygen, other chemicals, and water, giving birth to acidic pollutants. When rain, laden with such impurities fall to the land, we call it acid rain.
Which are the places mainly affected by acid rain?
Places around the globe that have suffered most because of acid rain are the south-eastern part of Canada, Scandinavia, Poland, the eastern part of the U.S. along with some parts of Taiwan and China.
The ecosystem consists of plants, humans, animals, and various other organisms that depend on each other and the environment. Everything has a direct or indirect connection to other components. So, if something causes harm to a particular part of a place’s ecosystem, species, the water, and the soil also have to face the consequences. Let us find out about acid rain’s negative impacts.
- Marine pollution- Acid rain’s ecological effects are clearly visible in the marine environment. Aquatic animals, especially fish suffer immensely. Most of the eggs of fish fail to hatch as the young eggs are extremely sensitive.
- Episodic Acidification- Heavy rain and melting snow can be the causative agents of episodic acidification. Lakes, usually not having high acidity levels, end up with greater portions of acidic deposition due to downpours or melting snow. A wide range of organisms gets killed in this type of situation.
- Harming trees and plants- In areas prone to acid rain, dying and dead trees are not a rare sight. Acid rain can lean the soil’s aluminum and also remove nutrients and minerals from the soil. This stunts the growth of trees, making them weak. Acidic clouds and fog also strip nutrients from the foliage of trees, leaving dead needles and brown leaves. The trees then face difficulty in absorbing sunlight that is essential for preparing food.
- Nitrogen pollution- Apart from being acidic in nature, nitrogen is also present in acid rain. Nitrogen pollution in coastal regions is responsible for the rapid decline in the population of fish species.
- Buffering capacity- Many streams, lakes, and forests experiencing acid rain get saved from severe effects as the soil has the capability to buffer the rain-laden with acids. As the soil neutralizes the rainwater’s acidity, the acid accumulates and remains in the soil, lakes, and streams, posing more threat in the future.
- Damage of wildlife- Many animals can be naturally more sensitive to acid than others. Frogs, salamanders, and birds have died due to exposure to acidic rain in big cities. Insects depending on phytoplankton for sustenance also die. Mammals who eat fish and vegetables affected by acid rain indirectly endure the outcomes.
How is acid rain damaging the Indian historical monuments?
Acid rain is corrosive to marble and limestone materials. The majestic ancient monuments that are cultural assets to India have suffered immensely due to acid rain. The Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Victoria Memorial, Red Fort, Ellora Caves, Jama Masjid are some of those monuments.
Solutions to acid rain:
There are various measures that we can take for stopping human-made acid deposition:
- Regulating vehicular and industrial emissions can make a huge difference.
- People should increase dependence on renewable sources of energy like wind and solar power, thus lessening the burning of fossil fuels.
- Also, every individual can play his part in decreasing the environmental pollution. You can switch to public transportation, riding, and walking whenever possible instead of relying on your private vehicle.
Independent Travel & Ecology: What You Need To know
For most people, independent travel is more than just a fun activity or a holiday. It is a life-changing activity or experience. Whether you are taking off around the world after retirement, taking a gap year, or simply heading off on your mid-20s career break, independent travel offers you the opportunity to take a break from your ‘normal’ work life, travel around the world, and get unforgettable experiences. Also, traveling independently teaches you a lot about different parts of the world and yourself.
What’s independent travel?
It is any trip that you organize by yourself. That means you must book a hotel (accommodation), plan your itinerary, transport, and other aspects of your trip. The concept revolves around traveling on a shoe-string, spending nights in hostels, and choosing experiences over luxury. Independent travel requires you to be more of a traveler and less of a tourist.
Tourist vs. traveler
Most people use these words interchangeably. It might sound like a negligible distinction, but these two words signify a unique approach. The term ‘tourist’ often refers to a person visiting a specific area or region only for a short period before going back to their everyday life. It also relates to people who visit some destinations just to see exciting things without getting emotionally involved.
On the other hand, travelers spend a lot of time on the road and have less of a fixed objective in terms of timing and destinations. They can travel for an extended period, spend time gaining new experiences, and don’t rush to return to their everyday life. That means traveling is all about am exciting journey while tourism is all about seeing new things.
Travelers are more likely to stay in a single destination for a long time, perhaps working there. Some travelers end up settling in some of the regions they visit. Generally, the definition of a traveler emphasizes the journey rather than the excitement and pleasure associated with visiting new destinations.
The best places for independent travel
The world is your oyster, and in numerous ways, it is. Your choice of destination is influenced by many factors. Therefore, it’s important that you consider the following factors to ensure that you get the most out of your independent travel.
What do you plan to do? This might sound like an obvious question. But it’s the right one, to begin with. What experiences are you seeking? Do you desire to connect with like-minded travelers? Are you ready to spend quite some time away traveling and working?
Do you have enough time to travel? Well, there is little point in heading to Fiji if you have a 5-day holiday. This is because you will spend a lot of time to get to your destination and have little time to explore it.
Therefore, it’s worth working out the travel periods between your desired destination early enough. This will ensure you have enough time to see around and gain memorable experiences when you get to your destination.
How much money have you saved for your travel activities? Once you have decided on the specific experiences you seek and created a travel plan, it’s time you consider the financial aspect of your travel activities. Money is the single most significant constraint on most plans. It is worth working out a budget before you start booking flights.
How safe is your preferred travel destination? Well, it might sound like most questions asked by mums. However, nothing can ruin your trip more than getting robbed, beaten up, or being kidnapped. Therefore, you should make sure that you are traveling to a safe region.
Independent travel is more than just a fun activity
Traveling independently opens your mind to new and exciting possibilities. Indeed, it helps you learn more about how the planet, get lifetime memories and have a lot of fun. Just think about planning a long trip to Africa to learn more about social change through experiencing the journey and discovering what we have all lost touch with.
Kenzie Kersen, a 24-year-old American model looking to promote a positive message about eco-tourism, wildlife conservation, and other aspects of the environment. In partnership with Justin Cleaver, a reputable wildlife and fashion photographer from South African to produce an eBook in SA that will be a mix of cool fashion photography (all on film) and wildlife photography (also on film). The reason for incorporating fashion photography and a social media campaign into this story is again to pull the interest of the young generation.
These are some of the important initiatives that send a positive message about eco-tourism, independent travel, and the importance of environmental conservation to the world. Times are changing and planet earth needs our care. It’s time we start sending a positive message to the world like Kenzie and Justin are doing.
International Law And Pollution: A Brief Discussion
With the rising level of pollution every year, the topic of international law and pollution is becoming more and more valid with time. With the advancement of technologies and the increase of civilization, the amount of pollution around the world has increased as well. It is the job of international law to ensure that the level of pollution remains under control. Pollution and the International Environmental law are extremely interconnected and the proper understanding of these two can only lead towards the concept of sustainable development.
How does pollution threaten the planet?
Pollution has become a very familiar word for several centuries now. With every year passing, various kinds of pollution are becoming more and more severe for the health of the planet earth. Pollution is the unwelcome intrusion of several contaminants in the nature around us causing the environment to change in a harmful way. Pollution can be of different types-
- Air pollution
- Water pollution
- Noise pollution
- Plastic pollution
- Soil pollution
- Radioactive pollution
And the list never ends.
Pollution is becoming a matter of more and more serious concern over time and we cannot ignore it anymore as it is affecting human health directly. Pollution is responsible for many deadly diseases among humans. It might result in-
- Respiratory diseases
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Waterborne diseases like jaundice, cholera, etc.
According to WHO, only air pollution is responsible for almost five lakh deaths per year. Radioactive pollution is responsible for the rising numbers of cancer patients around the world.
Pollution is the major cause of damaging the health of the planet earth. The earth and the lives on earth are getting threatened every day by the ill effects of pollution on the environment. Global warming, death of biodiversity are becoming matters of serious concern over time and making the planet inhabitable for any living being. So the discussion of International law and pollution is very relevant in the present time.
International Environmental Law- the definition:
With the rising level of pollution, it has become extremely necessary to control the rate of pollution at any cost in order to save the planet earth. Here comes the importance of International Environmental Law. The main motto of this law is to make sure so that the environment does not get affected in the name of development. It tries to control pollution and pave the way for sustainable development.
International Environmental Law is just a part of the public international law, operating individually from the mid-twentieth century. Public International Law consists of a committee with the representatives of different states in order to peacefully solve the disputes between them.
IEL deals with quite a wide area of issues- starting from the population to climate change. The goal of International Environmental Law is to keep the level of pollution in control and to ensure that earth remains a place for habitation for human beings and other species.
History of foundation:
With the growing realization that the ill effects of pollution are not limited within a particular nation, an international body became required to take control. Based on this, the international environmental law was founded depending on customary international law, treaties made between nations, and international courts.
Customary international law is founded upon several unwritten and popular customary laws of different nations. Based on this, a nation is bound to inform its neighbor about an impending environmental crisis.
The international court resolves the disputes between the nations regarding the matters of pollution.
How to achieve sustainable development?
A proper balance between the workings of international law and pollution may only lead the way of sustainable development. Sustainable development refers to a system where the needs of a generation get fulfilled without making any damage to the environment. Several treaties got signed over the years in order to reach this goal determining various laws of the sea, air, and defining the duties of individual nations for controlling the levels of pollution.
These treaties address the law of the environment as an issue related to human rights. They also distribute the cost of purifying nature based on the capitals of the nations. All these, if implemented correctly may help to achieve the goal of sustainable development.
The presence of international law cannot only control pollution. Proper implementation is what is of utmost importance.
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