The National Environmental Policy Act (also known as NEPA) is an environmental law of the United States of America. This organization helps in enhancing the environment. NEPA also established the CEQ (stands for President’s Council on Environmental Quality). On 1st January 1970, this law was approved. About 100 nations have approved this law to date. Prior to this the federations were goal oriented.
- Overpopulation- which leads to havoc and tremendous problems.
- Global warming- leading to heating up of the earth
- Pollution- destroying the air around us
- Genetic modification- causes threats to plants
- Climate change-
- Ocean acidification
- Deforestation- meaning cutting down of trees.
- Water pollution- leads to the loss of lives of water animals
- Ozone depletion- this is a threat to making. Ozone depletion allows UV rays to enter the earth
- Acid rain- is the cause of burning of sulfur dioxide and coal by humans.
Purpose of the policy
The purpose of the environmental policy act includes:
- Declaration of national policy which will help in encouraging productive as well as enjoy peace and harmony between man and environment.
- Promoting efforts to prevent or eradicate any type of damage to the biosphere and environment. And also for stimulating the welfare and health of human being
Main goals of the environmental policy are reducing the use of resources or reducing pollution in promoting human welfare. This will help in the protection of the natural system. The common people’s tragedy is basically the process by which the publicly used resources are made open for damage and are depleted because of overuse.
As the method of developing economy fastens in the financial system, the commands for ordinary possessions also increase. It turns out to be decisive that natural resources have to be utilized in a sensible way. This is done so that such possessions are not subjugated for short term profits but are used with no harm to the attention of upcoming generations. Ecological factors are rough and ready as well as accountable in certain cases for almost 20% of a load of sickness in the country. The National Environment Policy was an attempt in the direction of India’s promise to create a dirt-free environment and make a constructive donation to global efforts.
The main Objectives of the National Environment Policy.
- To guard and store up important biological systems as well as natural resources.
- To certify unbiased access to ecological resources and worth for different sections of civilization, and particularly, to make sure that fewer income groups, who are mostly dependent on natural resources for their daily living, have access to these resources.
- To make sure sensible use of ecological resources to get together the wants and aspirations of current as well as future generations.
- To put together ecological concerns into a different type of policies, tactics, and programs for economic as well as community development.
- To ensure well-organized utilization of green resources in the sense of reducing the per unit use of output, to decrease unfavorable environmental impacts.
- To apply the main beliefs of good supremacy (rationality, accountability, transparency, participation, reduction in time and costs and regulating independence) to the organization and rule of using the environmental resources.
- To guarantee the advanced flow of resource, technology, comprising finance, management skills social capital and traditional knowledge for ecological protection from side to side, equally beneficial holder with partnerships among restricted communities, the academic, research community, public agencies, investors, bilateral and multilateral expansion partners.
Features of National environment policy act.
- The overriding subject matter of such policies is the conservation of natural resources. The point which is given emphasis is that the people who are dependent on these resources for a secured livelihood must be taken care and they must depend on particular resources. This will help them to obtain better livelihood from the conversation rather than degradation.
- The involvement of Institutions of Panchayati Raj and metropolitan local bodies has been made prominent.
- The strategy as well seeks to motivate partnerships of various stakeholders, like public agencies, academic institutions, local communities, scientific institutions, partners of international development, the investment community for harnessing the individual natural assets and strengths for the ecological organization.