Plastic Pollution Must Be Eradicated To Save The Living Beings. - We Talk about Nature
Connect with us

Pollution

Plastic Pollution Must Be Eradicated To Save The Living Beings.

Published

on

https://pixabay.com/photos/garbage-paradise-sun-aircraft-4277613/

Plastic pollution is actually the accumulation of plastic bottles and polythenes and the particles which are made up of plastics in the environment around us. This accumulation of plastics and its particles are responsible for adversely affecting human beings and wildlife. Based on the size of these plastics which act as the pollutants can be categorized into 3 parts widely known as the micro debris, meso debris, and macro debris. Are you aware of the fact that why human beings produce plastics so much? It is because plastics are durable and are comparatively inexpensive to jute bags. There are few chemical substances in plastics which lead to the slow degradation of the plastic. Thus, the above factors are responsible for plastic pollution in the surrounding.

Plastics pollute every area or parts of this earth like land, oceans or waterways. The report tells that from the coastal areas every year about 1.1 to 9 million metric tons of wastes enter water bodies which constitutes mainly of plastics. Pollution of water bodies with plastic waste leads to death of the marine animals. They are harmed either due to indigestion caused due to the consumption of the plastic waste or maybe due to being affected by the chemicals which are present in the plastics which affects the internal organs. This even affects humans by affecting their hormonal mechanism. Every year 380 million tons of non-disposable plastics are produced according to the report of 2018. During the time period 1950 to 2018 it is estimated that about 6.3 billion tons of plastic production have been caused worldwide. Among these nine percent is recyclable and the other 12% is incinerated. Among all the creatures about 90% of the sea birds are affected by the plastic debris. A large number of areas is trying to control this pollution affecting several people and animals. This can be done by using plastics which are recyclable or substituting the plastic bag with some jute bag for something which is decomposable. It is even assumed that in 2050 there might be several plastics in comparison to fish in oceans.

Types of plastics:

As it is stated earlier that micro plastics including macro plastics and mega plastics are the types of plastics which pollute the environment. The mega plastics and the micro plastics accumulate in the high densities concentrating the northern hemisphere around water and urban centers. Plastics are even found far away from the island coast because of carrying away the debris. Micro plastics and mega plastics both are found in footwear and packaging as wrappers which are even found discarded in the land fields. All the debris are found mostly in the remote islands because those areas concentrate on items related to fishing.

The plastic wastes are categorized into two parts which are the primary and secondary. The plastics which remain in their original form are known as the primary plastics. Examples are cigarette butts and bottle caps. On the other hand, the result that is formed after the degradation of the primary plastics is considered to be the secondary plastics.

About the decomposition of plastics

There are a lot of wastes and different types of waste in the environment which affects mankind and wildlife. But among all these, near about 10% of them constitutes of plastics. There are two factors on which plastic depends. First one is the method of polymerization and the second is their precursors. The degradation capacity and other factors depend on the chemical composition. Near the coast, it takes more time to degrade due to the saline environment and the sea providing a cooling environment.

Effects on the environment:

However, some studies have shown that plastics can decompose faster if they are in the ocean. This is due to their exposure to rain sun and other conditions which helps to release the toxic chemicals and helps to decompose faster. Bisphenol A is one among the toxic chemicals present in plastic. But the decomposition of the plastic has slowed down due to an increased volume in the ocean. It is estimated by the marine conservancy that 50 years will be taken by a plastic cup to decompose and 400 years by plastic bravery is holder to decompose. A nappy will take about 450 years along with a fishing line to degrade.

The environment is affected by a different manner. So it is very important to fight against plastic pollution and save the environment. Due to some factor, the plastic distribution varies in different places due to winds, coastline geography, and ocean currents. Enclosed regions like the Caribbean are mostly covered with plastics. This helps in distributing the organisms to places which are not their initial environment. There are places which are not biologically diverse. Distribution of the organisms might increase potentially the variability.

Plastic pollution is responsible for climatic change

The pollution caused by plastic cell also of factor which affects the climatic change. A new report published in the year 2019 what are termed as “plastic and climate”. This report says that plastics which are not decomposable will lead to the contribution of greenhouse gases which are equivalent to the production of 850 million tonnes of co2 in the atmosphere. By 2050 plastics will be responsible for the emission of greenhouse gases equivalent to 14 % of the carbon budget in the earth. 2100 will be the year in which about half of carbon dioxide will be emitted which constitute to 260 billion tons.

Effects of pollution on the land:

Land comes under threat due to plastic pollution. And human’s animals and plants which reside on land come under the threat of pollution. The pollution inland it’s much more than that caused in the ocean. Chlorinated plastic emits chemicals which are harmful and releases them in the soil. These chemicals may penetrate in the soil and reach the underground water which comes through the tube -well as the purest form of water. Now when the water is taken in by animals and human beings they suffer from diseases and health issues. Thus it is one of the most important things to fight against plastic pollution and make this earth a happier and safer place to live in.

Pollution

Sound Pollution Effects to Your Health and Lifestyle Quality

Published

on

Sound pollution has become a global problem. The main issue is that a lot of individuals do not understand what it is, the causes, and how to fight it. They also don’t know that sound pollution is harmful to their overall health.

What is sound pollution, you ask? It can be termed as unwanted sound or the kind of noise that disrupts other activities such as conversations, sleep, or the general quality of life. Unlike water or air pollution, you can no really smell or taste sound pollution, but you can feel it getting into your nerves.

There is a range of sources of noise pollution, which include vehicles and transportation, social events, faulty machines, industrial activities, and noise from house devices, to mention a few. Research by the World Health Organization has shown that extreme sound levels exceeding 70 DB are harmful to living organisms, and this gets even worse in cases of prolonged exposure. In this article, we will look at some of the noise pollution effects on your health and lifestyle quality.

Poor quality of sleep

If you live near a busy road or noisy neighborhood, then you understand the struggle that comes with trying to fall asleep. It gets even more stressful when you have a toddler because their sleep gets distracted every minute, and you have to try and get them back to sleep. Irregular sleeping pattern is harmful to your health and productivity. You wake up feeling tired, and the fact that you have to go to work or school drains the remaining energy. You can no longer concentrate at work or even perform well at the gym. Lack of enough sleep is also harmful to your cardiovascular system.

Damaged hearing

Intensive sound waves result in harmful ripples in your ear canal. This interferes with the fluids that are responsible for enhancing communication between the ears and the brain. The interference ruins the delicate hair follicles in the ears that aid in sending signals to the brain once sound gets in the ears. Noise pollution is among the significant causes of hearing loss, especially when most of the hair follicles are damaged, and that’s why you realize that most people and especially children living in noisy areas depend on hearing devices. Studies have shown that high-intensity noises can damage the child’s reading power and memory.

Poses risks to cardiovascular health

You are probably wondering how noise can affect the heart. For starters, we already mentioned its effects on your sleep pattern, which has direct negative impacts on the cardiovascular system. Also, studies have shown that exposure to too much noise for about ten years increases the chances of suffering heart-related issues by 300%. This is because noise increases the heart pulse rates, which in return puts pressure on the blood vessels and puts you at risk of suffering high blood pressure or heart attack. Those that are exposed to high noises for more than eight hours in a day are at a higher risk of these issues.

Results in psychological disorders

You might think that you already got used to the noise and that you are living normally, but in some ways, the intense noise harms your psychological functions. The noise becomes a part of your life, and in the long run, you become easily irritable by small things, nervous, and you tend to make irrational decisions. You even become uneasy, mainly when you are in quiet places. Noise can put you under stress, make you unproductive and socially withdrawn. It affects your emotional stability, the way you relate to the surroundings, and if this persists, you may develop a suppressive personality and unlikable behaviors without realizing it.

Speech disorder

Kids are more susceptible to this risk. Communicating in noisy environments is nearly impossible. This affects the children’s hearing ability and, in the end, affects their ability to speak. The problem can also affect adults, especially those working with noisy machines because they barely communicate in there.

Sound pollution affects our lives in many ways, and, unfortunately, people are already getting used to the noise. They don’t mind putting too loud music. They are okay with living near noisy roads and working with noisy equipment without earplugs. If you were to move to a quiet place, you will realize that the noise you that you thought you were used to having been denying you a lot of peace. You should not wait until this gets to your health. Implementing preventive measures such us using earplugs, turning off appliances at home, shutting the door when using noisy equipment, using noise absorbents when working with loud machinery, and reducing the volume when listening to music goes a long way. You should also move from noisy neighborhoods. Your health and peace of mind are more important than the attachment you got to that place.

Continue Reading

Pollution

Surging Climate Change: Is The Car You Recently Bought Hastening The Process?

Published

on

The changing time gives rise to innovations and convenience. Nevertheless, not all of this is credible and altogether useful. The jumbo vehicles that human beings take pride in driving and find fiercer are among the core reasons for the surging climate change. A myriad of harmful substances discharged into the environment puts the life of flora and fauna at a severe threat of health hazards. 

According to a survey in the year 2018, the growing demand for big vehicles was the second-largest supporter for the enhanced CO² emissions from the year 2010 to 2018. The doubled sale of these heavy vehicles has possibly doubled the perils of life hovering over the people on this planet. 

Heavy advertising

Vehicles for sports utility and having off-road features are among those trends that cannot go unnoticed. Every automobile company is commencing its lines of heavy vehicles and at very acceptable and lucrative prices. The heavyweight vehicle output has boosted promptly in the last seven years.

The massive advertisement of its pros has captivated the minds of all the car buyers thus increasing the sale of crossovers and pressure on the environmental activists at the same time. Furthermore, the manufacturers are planning to increase this rate of production by 25% by the year 2025. 

This gamble has always been on the side of the automobile enterprises as bigger cars can extract massive profits for them. Thus, these big bets on these big cars shall continue to take place until the severe conditions emerge. 

The mass of destruction

The surging climate change has already put nature saviors under immense pressure. This has been increasing due to heavyweight vehicles. An average crossover now weighs around 77 kgs to 80 kgs heavier than it was back in the year 2009. 

Imagine the load our earth manages every day! Massive. The science begins here, more weight of a vehicle means more energy it will consume to run on the roads. In the year 2010, 35 million crossovers were sold which is to say a lot of load in one year itself, far from the estimate of continuous sale thus far. According to the agency reports, two in every five automobiles is a heavyweight crossover. 

Moreover, it emits more carbon dioxide into the environment, which is resulting in even more damage to living beings. Carbon dioxide emissions have risen by up to 45 percent in recent years. The increased weight might be the reason for improved safety measures in cars. However, they’re skyrocketing the risk of severe health diseases.

The issue is not just the climate

The surging climate change is showcasing its impact in most parts of the world, and thus, various organizations have become warned about the same. IMF has come to action by reserving funds and policies to alter the climate

The planet is not only suffering from the adverse effects of the high fuel consumption of these cars, but the daily lives of people are also deteriorating. This is because these huge cars are immensely responsible for hourly traffic jams, frequently broken roads, and violation of rules and regulations. 

Climate change due to bigger vehicles has become massive because such automobiles are deemed as rugged and rough and are meant mostly for off-roading purposes. Research conducted at Stanford University states that 32 percent of the hit and run cases involved crossovers or huge vehicles. The drivers risk the lives of people walking in the foot, as per the Paris agreement. 

Consequently, various policies, such as energy subsidy reforms hunting for greener financial sectors, etc. have taken birth due to the efforts are done by the IMF to eradicate the harms done by these huge cars.

The status symbol 

The additional essential purpose for the increased carbon dioxide emissions in the atmosphere is the word ‘status symbol.’ The world is competing not only at the corporate or financial level but also at an individual level. Everybody wants to put up their best card on the table. 

As a result, people end up buying big cars that not only enhance their dignity but sadly also exposes them to risks to various lethal ailments. 

Various other reasons for their purchase are:

  • The Consumer Reports state that people feel vindicated when they travel in a vehicle that is high above the surface of the road.
  • They are easy to travel in rugged regions, such as villages, adventure rides, and mountainous areas. 

The problem of carbon footprint shall prevail in the world until the manufacturing companies take a significant step forward. 

Less for more

According to a study, people are more attracted to the rates than counting on the pros of an item before buying it. So, the same goes when it comes to purchasing a new crossover vehicle. 

The companies have comprehended their gains and, thus, are continually coming up with various lineups that are not just affordable but deliver the best customer services, such as compelling looks and additional (not, in reality) security. 

They are merely jeopardizing the lives of the individuals buying their cars because of their increased earnings. 

Takeaway

This scenario of surging climate change is the high time that we proclaim this information among the people to liberate our planet from future threats and dangers even when the wealth couldn’t save us. The automotive industry will only doom the planet if suitable measures aren’t exercised to safeguard the environment from these crossovers’ production and the harm they cause.

Continue Reading

Climate

Climate Change: The Three Imperatives to Saving our Planet

Published

on

“You cannot get through a single day without having an impact on the world around you. What you do makes a difference, and you have to decide what kind of difference you want to make.” – Jane Goodall

Is climate change real? Or, as Donald Trump, the forty-fifth president of the United States of America noted, is climate change a “hoax invented by China?” (Justin Worland, Time Magazine, 2019)

This question is one of the most frequently asked questions of Google and all other search engines. It is also currently one of the most hotly debated topics between different groups of people like scientists, experts, and leaders of some of the largest countries in the world.

As an aside, Worland notes in the same article mentioned above, that Trump has changed his mind. Climate change is no longer a hoax and his administration “will fight for a cleaner environment every day of [his] presidency.”

However, there is overwhelming evidence of the effects of climate change caused by global warming in the increased number of global severe weather events that occur regularly. These severe weather events include the increase in the number and severity of tropical storms, typhoons, and hurricanes. And they have caused the reduction of sea ice in the Arctic as a result of the one to two percent increase in the global oceans’ surface temperature.

Consequently, this question can be answered in the affirmative, and it is answered succinctly by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change with the following statement:

Scientific evidence for warming of the climate system is unequivocal.”

Additionally, this Intergovernmental Panel notes that the “current warming trend is of particular significance because most of it is… greater than 95 percent probability… to be the result of human activity since the mid-20th century and proceeding at a rate that is unprecedented over decades to millennia.”

Finally, News24.com columnist Melanie Verwoerd correctly notes during the latest round of challenges with electricity supply in South Africa “that the emissions from these coal power plants are contributing to climate change which causes these extreme weather events [(heavy rain and flash floods)]which cause the wet coal, which results in the coal power stations to grind to a halt.

Thus, the question that begs is how do we halt the disastrous effects of climate change and save our planet?

Saving Mother Earth: The three imperatives

 Suffice to say that there is no quick and easy answer to this question, let alone a workable solution to the current catastrophe. Thus, let’s look at the following three imperatives as an attempt to provide a viable solution to this problem.

The environment a primary concern, not a secondary interest

As Marco Lambertini notes in his article titled “Our planet is on the Brink. Here’s how we save it”, world leaders need to work together to save the planet through “strengthened cooperation.” There is no place for individualism and placing an individual country’s aims and goals above the collective whole.

The only solution has to be a collective one with everyone working together to save one planet. Simply stated, although there are many countries, each with its government and aims, there is only one planet. Therefore, the only successful response has to be a collective response with the same goal of saving the world.

Technology: a key driver of change

By now, most people would have heard of the Fourth Industrial Revolution. And, we are currently in the middle of this period in humankind’s history. It is defined as a blurring of the lines between the physical, biological, and digital spheres.

Technologies such as Artificial Intelligence and machine learning, 3D-printing, genetic engineering, the Internet of Things, and robotics are some of the cutting-edge technologies driving change in the way we live. These changes can be both positive and negative to the environment. And, it is up to us to ensure that these technologies are used for the benefit of the environment and not to its detriment.

Sustainability: A key imperative

There are two elements to reversing the effects of climate change on the environment. The first is the collective will to reducing greenhouse gas emissions, and the second is the sustainability of this decision over the time that it takes to reverse the damage done.

Unfortunately, based on recent history, the collective will reduce our carbon footprint on the earth seems to be there. However, very few of the world’s governments seem to want to commit to fighting the effects of climate change in the long term.

Continue Reading

Trending