Anyone who has traveled to Africa for African safari holidays will tell you how they were marveled by the destination they visited. The continent is rich with wildlife that thrives in different parts of the region. If you dream about a holiday in Africa, below are the top destinations for tourists around the world. They have received the highest rating, hence, you are guaranteed of enjoying your time there.
Masai Mara in Kenya
Located in the Great Rift Valley, Masai Mara is Kenya’s most beautiful national reserve with a variety of wildlife. Here, you can see animals such as zebras, giraffes, crocodiles, cheetah, hyena, and impala among others. In Masai Mara, you will also find over four hundred species of birds.
The best time to travel to Masai Mara is during the summer holiday to experience the wonder of the wildebeest migration. Anyone who has experienced the migration will tell you how spectacular it is to see wildebeest crossing over from neighboring Tanzania into Kenya. The park is accessible via road and air. You will also find first-class accommodation within the reserve.
Kruger National Park in South Africa
Kruger is another remarkable safari destination, especially if you want to see the big five animals. The park is also a home for various species of birds such as vultures and storks. In addition, you are assured of seeing sea animals that thrive in the Limpopo River that surrounds the National Park.
If you are lucky, you may meet with a pack of lions while touring the national park. Such an experience comes only once in a lifetime, hence it will be worth it to Visit Kruger National Park any time of the year.
Victoria Falls at the border of Zambia and Zimbabwe
The wonderful thing about Victoria Falls is that it borders two countries that is Zimbabwe and Zambia. Therefore, you can view the waterfall from either of the countries. The waterfall is, in fact, one of the wonders of the world.
While accessing the falls from Zimbabwe, you will enter through Victoria Falls National Park, and if you are going to access it from Zambia, you will enter through Mosi-Oa-Tunya National Park. Whichever side you choose to access the park from, you are going to be mesmerized by the landscape and the flora and fauna. In the afternoons, you are assured of seeing magnificent
rainbows forming around the waterfalls.
Accessing the falls from the Zimbabwe side will give you an opportunity to see a variety of wildlife in the park. Some of the animals you will come across include buffalos, antelopes, giraffes, kudu, and others. Therefore, the fun you will experience here is much more than you can imagine.
You Should Visit Each of These Destinations at Least Once
If you have not yet had African safari holidays in any of these places, you should start planning now. Each of the destinations is magnificent and unique in its own way. Therefore, the pleasure and experience of each will be different. You will have tales to tell your forks when you go back home, not forgetting the many beautiful pictures that you will take to keep as mementos of your trip.
Acid Rain: Reasons, Impacts, And Solutions
The Environmental Protection Agency defines acid rain as acid deposition that includes all types of precipitation containing acidic elements like nitric acid or sulfuric acid. Other than raindrops, the precipitation can also be in the form of hail, fog, gases, snow, or dust. Acid rain created with gases or dust is known as dry deposition.
Robert Angus Smith, a Scottish chemist coined the term in 1852. The Royal Society of Chemistry honored him as the ‘Father of Acid Rain.’ Smith, while examining the contents found in rainwater in industrial regions of Scotland and England, coined this term. He published a book about it in 1872, namely, “Air and Rain: The Beginnings of a Chemical Climatology.”
The reason behind formation of acid deposition:
When compounds such as nitrogen oxides and sulfur dioxide get mixed with air, a chemical reaction takes place. These substances rise high into the earth’s atmosphere, mix with oxygen, other chemicals, and water, giving birth to acidic pollutants. When rain, laden with such impurities fall to the land, we call it acid rain.
Which are the places mainly affected by acid rain?
Places around the globe that have suffered most because of acid rain are the south-eastern part of Canada, Scandinavia, Poland, the eastern part of the U.S. along with some parts of Taiwan and China.
The ecosystem consists of plants, humans, animals, and various other organisms that depend on each other and the environment. Everything has a direct or indirect connection to other components. So, if something causes harm to a particular part of a place’s ecosystem, species, the water, and the soil also have to face the consequences. Let us find out about acid rain’s negative impacts.
- Marine pollution- Acid rain’s ecological effects are clearly visible in the marine environment. Aquatic animals, especially fish suffer immensely. Most of the eggs of fish fail to hatch as the young eggs are extremely sensitive.
- Episodic Acidification- Heavy rain and melting snow can be the causative agents of episodic acidification. Lakes, usually not having high acidity levels, end up with greater portions of acidic deposition due to downpours or melting snow. A wide range of organisms gets killed in this type of situation.
- Harming trees and plants- In areas prone to acid rain, dying and dead trees are not a rare sight. Acid rain can lean the soil’s aluminum and also remove nutrients and minerals from the soil. This stunts the growth of trees, making them weak. Acidic clouds and fog also strip nutrients from the foliage of trees, leaving dead needles and brown leaves. The trees then face difficulty in absorbing sunlight that is essential for preparing food.
- Nitrogen pollution- Apart from being acidic in nature, nitrogen is also present in acid rain. Nitrogen pollution in coastal regions is responsible for the rapid decline in the population of fish species.
- Buffering capacity- Many streams, lakes, and forests experiencing acid rain get saved from severe effects as the soil has the capability to buffer the rain-laden with acids. As the soil neutralizes the rainwater’s acidity, the acid accumulates and remains in the soil, lakes, and streams, posing more threat in the future.
- Damage of wildlife- Many animals can be naturally more sensitive to acid than others. Frogs, salamanders, and birds have died due to exposure to acidic rain in big cities. Insects depending on phytoplankton for sustenance also die. Mammals who eat fish and vegetables affected by acid rain indirectly endure the outcomes.
How is acid rain damaging the Indian historical monuments?
Acid rain is corrosive to marble and limestone materials. The majestic ancient monuments that are cultural assets to India have suffered immensely due to acid rain. The Taj Mahal, Qutub Minar, Victoria Memorial, Red Fort, Ellora Caves, Jama Masjid are some of those monuments.
Solutions to acid rain:
There are various measures that we can take for stopping human-made acid deposition:
- Regulating vehicular and industrial emissions can make a huge difference.
- People should increase dependence on renewable sources of energy like wind and solar power, thus lessening the burning of fossil fuels.
- Also, every individual can play his part in decreasing the environmental pollution. You can switch to public transportation, riding, and walking whenever possible instead of relying on your private vehicle.
Independent Travel & Ecology: What You Need To know
For most people, independent travel is more than just a fun activity or a holiday. It is a life-changing activity or experience. Whether you are taking off around the world after retirement, taking a gap year, or simply heading off on your mid-20s career break, independent travel offers you the opportunity to take a break from your ‘normal’ work life, travel around the world, and get unforgettable experiences. Also, traveling independently teaches you a lot about different parts of the world and yourself.
What’s independent travel?
It is any trip that you organize by yourself. That means you must book a hotel (accommodation), plan your itinerary, transport, and other aspects of your trip. The concept revolves around traveling on a shoe-string, spending nights in hostels, and choosing experiences over luxury. Independent travel requires you to be more of a traveler and less of a tourist.
Tourist vs. traveler
Most people use these words interchangeably. It might sound like a negligible distinction, but these two words signify a unique approach. The term ‘tourist’ often refers to a person visiting a specific area or region only for a short period before going back to their everyday life. It also relates to people who visit some destinations just to see exciting things without getting emotionally involved.
On the other hand, travelers spend a lot of time on the road and have less of a fixed objective in terms of timing and destinations. They can travel for an extended period, spend time gaining new experiences, and don’t rush to return to their everyday life. That means traveling is all about am exciting journey while tourism is all about seeing new things.
Travelers are more likely to stay in a single destination for a long time, perhaps working there. Some travelers end up settling in some of the regions they visit. Generally, the definition of a traveler emphasizes the journey rather than the excitement and pleasure associated with visiting new destinations.
The best places for independent travel
The world is your oyster, and in numerous ways, it is. Your choice of destination is influenced by many factors. Therefore, it’s important that you consider the following factors to ensure that you get the most out of your independent travel.
What do you plan to do? This might sound like an obvious question. But it’s the right one, to begin with. What experiences are you seeking? Do you desire to connect with like-minded travelers? Are you ready to spend quite some time away traveling and working?
Do you have enough time to travel? Well, there is little point in heading to Fiji if you have a 5-day holiday. This is because you will spend a lot of time to get to your destination and have little time to explore it.
Therefore, it’s worth working out the travel periods between your desired destination early enough. This will ensure you have enough time to see around and gain memorable experiences when you get to your destination.
How much money have you saved for your travel activities? Once you have decided on the specific experiences you seek and created a travel plan, it’s time you consider the financial aspect of your travel activities. Money is the single most significant constraint on most plans. It is worth working out a budget before you start booking flights.
How safe is your preferred travel destination? Well, it might sound like most questions asked by mums. However, nothing can ruin your trip more than getting robbed, beaten up, or being kidnapped. Therefore, you should make sure that you are traveling to a safe region.
Independent travel is more than just a fun activity
Traveling independently opens your mind to new and exciting possibilities. Indeed, it helps you learn more about how the planet, get lifetime memories and have a lot of fun. Just think about planning a long trip to Africa to learn more about social change through experiencing the journey and discovering what we have all lost touch with.
Kenzie Kersen, a 24-year-old American model looking to promote a positive message about eco-tourism, wildlife conservation, and other aspects of the environment. In partnership with Justin Cleaver, a reputable wildlife and fashion photographer from South African to produce an eBook in SA that will be a mix of cool fashion photography (all on film) and wildlife photography (also on film). The reason for incorporating fashion photography and a social media campaign into this story is again to pull the interest of the young generation.
These are some of the important initiatives that send a positive message about eco-tourism, independent travel, and the importance of environmental conservation to the world. Times are changing and planet earth needs our care. It’s time we start sending a positive message to the world like Kenzie and Justin are doing.
International Law And Pollution: A Brief Discussion
With the rising level of pollution every year, the topic of international law and pollution is becoming more and more valid with time. With the advancement of technologies and the increase of civilization, the amount of pollution around the world has increased as well. It is the job of international law to ensure that the level of pollution remains under control. Pollution and the International Environmental law are extremely interconnected and the proper understanding of these two can only lead towards the concept of sustainable development.
How does pollution threaten the planet?
Pollution has become a very familiar word for several centuries now. With every year passing, various kinds of pollution are becoming more and more severe for the health of the planet earth. Pollution is the unwelcome intrusion of several contaminants in the nature around us causing the environment to change in a harmful way. Pollution can be of different types-
- Air pollution
- Water pollution
- Noise pollution
- Plastic pollution
- Soil pollution
- Radioactive pollution
And the list never ends.
Pollution is becoming a matter of more and more serious concern over time and we cannot ignore it anymore as it is affecting human health directly. Pollution is responsible for many deadly diseases among humans. It might result in-
- Respiratory diseases
- Cardiovascular diseases
- Waterborne diseases like jaundice, cholera, etc.
According to WHO, only air pollution is responsible for almost five lakh deaths per year. Radioactive pollution is responsible for the rising numbers of cancer patients around the world.
Pollution is the major cause of damaging the health of the planet earth. The earth and the lives on earth are getting threatened every day by the ill effects of pollution on the environment. Global warming, death of biodiversity are becoming matters of serious concern over time and making the planet inhabitable for any living being. So the discussion of International law and pollution is very relevant in the present time.
International Environmental Law- the definition:
With the rising level of pollution, it has become extremely necessary to control the rate of pollution at any cost in order to save the planet earth. Here comes the importance of International Environmental Law. The main motto of this law is to make sure so that the environment does not get affected in the name of development. It tries to control pollution and pave the way for sustainable development.
International Environmental Law is just a part of the public international law, operating individually from the mid-twentieth century. Public International Law consists of a committee with the representatives of different states in order to peacefully solve the disputes between them.
IEL deals with quite a wide area of issues- starting from the population to climate change. The goal of International Environmental Law is to keep the level of pollution in control and to ensure that earth remains a place for habitation for human beings and other species.
History of foundation:
With the growing realization that the ill effects of pollution are not limited within a particular nation, an international body became required to take control. Based on this, the international environmental law was founded depending on customary international law, treaties made between nations, and international courts.
Customary international law is founded upon several unwritten and popular customary laws of different nations. Based on this, a nation is bound to inform its neighbor about an impending environmental crisis.
The international court resolves the disputes between the nations regarding the matters of pollution.
How to achieve sustainable development?
A proper balance between the workings of international law and pollution may only lead the way of sustainable development. Sustainable development refers to a system where the needs of a generation get fulfilled without making any damage to the environment. Several treaties got signed over the years in order to reach this goal determining various laws of the sea, air, and defining the duties of individual nations for controlling the levels of pollution.
These treaties address the law of the environment as an issue related to human rights. They also distribute the cost of purifying nature based on the capitals of the nations. All these, if implemented correctly may help to achieve the goal of sustainable development.
The presence of international law cannot only control pollution. Proper implementation is what is of utmost importance.
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